Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 35.2 (2012) Pages: 343-352

Determining population trends and conservation status of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix) in Western Europe

Puigcerver, M., Sardà-Palomera, F., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J. D.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0343

Abstract

In this paper we review the conservation status and population trends of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix) from 1900 to the present. Data are sometimes contradictory with regard to the status of this species as it has some features that make it difficult to produce reliable population estimates. Recent data clearly suggest, either at a local scale or at a trans–national scale, that the Atlantic common quail populations have remained stable in the last two decades, and that restocking practices with farm–reared quails (hybrids with the Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica) do not affect our estimates. The complex movement patterns showed by this species require special attention. Analysis of ring recoveries can give important information, especially about the nomadic movement of quails in search of suitable habitats after the destruction of winter cereal crops due to harvesting. Thus, when developing a breeding distribution model for this species, continuously updated information on seasonal habitat and weather must be included for optimal prediction. Including fortnightly data of vegetation indices in distribution models, for example, has shown good results. Obtaining reliable predictions about changes in species distribution and movements during the breeding period could provide useful knowledge about the conservation status and population trends and would help in the design of future management measures.

Keywords

Conservation status, Population trends, Hybrids, Nomadic movements, Management

Cite

Puigcerver, M., Sardà-Palomera, F., Rodríguez-Teijeiro, J. D., 2012. Determining population trends and conservation status of the common quail (Coturnix coturnix) in Western Europe. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 35: 343-352, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0343

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Reception date:

08/02/2012

Acceptation date:

16/05/2012

Publication date:

06/11/2012

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