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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 35.2 (2012) Pages: 197-207

First estimation of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) abundance and density using digital cameras and capture–recapture techniques in a German national park

Weingarth, K., Heibl, C., Knauer, F., Zimmermann, F., Bufka, L., Heurich, M.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0197

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Abstract

Eurasian lynx are individually identifiable by their unique coat markings, making them ideal candidates for capture–recapture (CMR) surveys. We evaluated the use of digital photography to estimate Eurasian lynx population abundance and density within the Bavarian Forest National Park. From November 2008 to January 2009 we placed 24 camera trap sites, each with two cameras facing each other on well–used walking tracks). The units were placed based on a systematic grid of 2.7 km. We captured five independent and three juvenile lynx and calculated abundance estimates using Program Mark. We also compared density estimates based on the MMDM method (Mean Maximum Distance Moved) from telemetry data (½MMDMGPS) and from camera trapping data (½MMDMCAM). We estimated that in an effectively sampled area of 664 km2 the Eurasian lynx density was 0.9 individuals/100 km2 with ½MMDMCAM. The Eurasian lynx density calculated with ½MMDMGPS was 0.4 individuals/100 km2 in an effectively sampled area of 1,381 km2. Our results suggest that long–term photographic CMR sampling on a large scale may be a useful tool to monitor population trends of Eurasian lynx in accordance with the Fauna–Flora–Habitat Directive of the European Union.

Keywords

Lynx lynx, Camera trap, Capture–recapture, Abundance, Half MMDM, Actual MMDM, Density.

Cite

Weingarth, K., Heibl, C., Knauer, F., Zimmermann, F., Bufka, L., Heurich, M., 2012. First estimation of Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) abundance and density using digital cameras and capture–recapture techniques in a German national park. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 35: 197-207, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0197

Reception date:

06/02/2012

Acceptation date:

12/06/2012

Publication date:

04/11/2012

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