Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 35.2 (2012) Pages: 235-246

Influence of tourism and traffic on the Eurasian lynx hunting activity and daily movements

Belotti, E., Heurich, M., Kreisinger, J., Sustr, P., Bufka, L.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0235

Abstract

Human presence influences survival of large carnivores in several ways and even outdoor activities can be a source of disturbance. As ungulate prey provide the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) with food for several nights and the pattern of lynx activity is mainly shaped by searching for and consuming large prey, the need to move decreases strongly while the prey is eaten. However, during the day, human activity may drive lynx to move to safe shelters and habitat features such as dense vegetation may increase tolerance. In the Bohemian Forest (Czech Republic), we found 116 prey killed by five GPS–collared lynxes. We tested whether the kill sites were located farther from roads or tourist trails than a set of randomly generated locations and whether presence of roads or tourist trails and habitat structure influenced the distance ‘kill site to daytime resting sites’. At night, with low human activity, lynxes did not avoid roads and even selected the surroundings of tourist trails. The distance ‘kill site to daytime resting sites’ correlated negatively with presence of habitat concealment and distance to tourist trails, suggesting that outdoor activities may have to be considered in lynx management plans.

Keywords

Lynx lynx, Kill site, Resting site, Tourist trail, Paved road, Habitat structure

Cite

Belotti, E., Heurich, M., Kreisinger, J., Sustr, P., Bufka, L., 2012. Influence of tourism and traffic on the Eurasian lynx hunting activity and daily movements. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 35: 235-246, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0235

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Reception date:

11/01/2012

Acceptation date:

09/05/2012

Publication date:

05/11/2012

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