Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 35.2 (2012) Pages: 415-418

The invertebrate diet of northern bobwhite chicks in Georgia, United States

Butler, D. A., Palmer, W. E., Cook, M. P.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0415

Abstract

The establishment of brood–rearing habitats along field margins has become a popular agri–environmental prescription to help reverse population declines of northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) in Georgia, United States. Here, the invertebrate–diet of chicks foraging on farmland with established brood–rearing habitats is examined and compared to those of chicks on an intensively managed wild bobwhite shooting estate. In 2001 and 2002, faecal samples were collected and analysed from nocturnal roost sites of bobwhite broods. Differences in invertebrate composition between the study sites were investigated using compositional analysis. While the diet of chicks on both sites contained similar invertebrate groups, the composition of the diets varied significantly. Although chicks on farmland had eaten 1.7 times fewer Coleoptera, they had 1.7 times more Hemiptera in their diet. These data suggest that although the invertebrate composition in the diet of chicks differed between the two landscapes, both contained high proportions of important prey items.

Keywords

Northern bobwhite, Chick–diet, Invertebrates, Agri–environmental scheme, Brood–rearing habitat

Cite

Butler, D. A., Palmer, W. E., Cook, M. P., 2012. The invertebrate diet of northern bobwhite chicks in Georgia, United States. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 35: 415-418, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2012.35.0415

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Reception date:

23/02/2012

Acceptation date:

06/07/2012

Publication date:

06/11/2012

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