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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 37.2 (2014) Pages: 191-203

Interaction of landscape variables on the potential geographical distribution of parrots in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Plasencia-Vázquez, A. H., Escalona-Segura, G., Esparza-Olguín, L. G.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2014.37.0191

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Abstract

The loss, degradation, and fragmentation of forested areas are endangering parrot populations. In this study, we determined the influence of fragmentation in relation to vegetation cover, land use, and spatial configuration of fragments on the potential geographical distribution patterns of parrots in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. We used the potential geographical distribution for eight parrot species, considering the recently published maps obtained with the maximum entropy algorithm, and we incorporated the probability distribution for each species. We calculated 71 metrics/variables that evaluate forest fragmentation, spatial configuration of fragments, the ratio occupied by vegetation, and the land use in 100 plots of approximately 29  km², randomly distributed within the presence and absence areas predicted for each species. We also considered the relationship between environmental variables and the distribution probability of species. We used a partial least squares regression to explore patterns between the variables used and the potential distribution models. None of the environmental variables analyzed alone determined the presence/absence or the probability distribution of parrots in the Peninsula. We found that for the eight species, either due to the presence/absence or the probability distribution, the most important explanatory variables were the interaction among three variables, particularly the interactions among the total forest area, the total edge, and the tropical semi–evergreen medium– height forest. Habitat fragmentation influenced the potential geographical distribution of these species in terms of the characteristics of other environmental factors that are expressed together with the geographical division, such as the different vegetation cover ratio and land uses in deforested areas.

Keywords

Deforestation, Fragmentation, Land use, Parrots, Vegetation cover

Cite

Plasencia-Vázquez, A. H., Escalona-Segura, G., Esparza-Olguín, L. G., 2014. Interaction of landscape variables on the potential geographical distribution of parrots in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 37: 191-203, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2014.37.0191

Reception date:

27/06/2014

Acceptation date:

21/10/2014

Publication date:

12/12/2014

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