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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 39.1 (2016) Pages: 77-87

Environmental determinants and spatial mismatch of mammal diversity measures in Colombia

González-Maya, J. F., Arias-Alzate, A., Granados-Peña, R., Mancera-Rodríguez, N. J., Ceballos, G.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2016.39.0077

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Abstract

Including complementary diversity measures into ecological and conservation studies should improve our ability to link species assemblages to ecosystems. Recent measures such as phylogenetic and functional diversity have furthered our understanding of assemblage patterns of ecosystems and species, allowing improved inference of ecosystem function and conservation. We evaluated spatial patterns of taxonomic, phylogenetic and functional diversity of mammals in Colombia and identified their main environmental determinants, as well as interrelationships and spatial mismatch between the three measures. We found significant effects of elevation and precipitation on species richness, slope and species richness on phylogenetic diversity, and slope and phylogenetic diversity on functional diversity. We also identified a spatial mismatch of the three measures in some areas of the country: 12% of the country for species richness and 14% for phylogenetic and functional diversity. Our results highlight the importance of including species relationships within environmental drivers with biogeographical and distribution analyses and could facilitate selection of priority areas for conservation, especially when mismatch occurs between measures.

Keywords

Environmental filtering, Functional diversity, Phylogenetic diversity, Species richness

Cite

González-Maya, J. F., Arias-Alzate, A., Granados-Peña, R., Mancera-Rodríguez, N. J., Ceballos, G., 2016. Environmental determinants and spatial mismatch of mammal diversity measures in Colombia. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 39: 77-87, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2016.39.0077

Reception date:

06/02/2015

Acceptation date:

31/08/2015

Publication date:

03/02/2016

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