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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 39.1 (2016) Pages: 29-36

Identifying a preservation zone using multi–criteria decision analysis

Farashi, A., Naderi, M., Parvian, N.





Zoning of a protected area is an approach to partition landscape into various land use units. The management of these landscape units can reduce conflicts caused by human activities. Tandoreh National Park is one of the most biologically diverse, protected areas in Iran. Although the area is generally designed to protect biodiversity, there are many conflicts between biodiversity conservation and human activities. For instance, the area is highly controversial and has been considered as an impediment to local economic development, such as tourism, grazing, road construction, and cultivation. In order to reduce human conflicts with biodiversity conservation in Tandoreh National Park, safe zones need to be established and human activities need to be moved out of the zones. In this study we used a systematic methodology to integrate a participatory process with Geographic Information Systems (GIS) using a multi–criteria decision analysis (MCDA) technique to guide a zoning scheme for the Tandoreh National Park, Iran. Our results show that the northern and eastern parts of the Tandoreh National Park that were close to rural areas and farmlands returned less desirability for selection as a preservation area. Rocky Mountains were the most important and most destructed areas and abandoned plains were the least important criteria for preservation in the area. Furthermore, the results reveal that the land properties were considered to be important for protection based on the obtaine


Tandoreh National Park, Preservation zone, MCDA, Zoning


Farashi, A., Naderi, M., Parvian, N., 2016. Identifying a preservation zone using multi–criteria decision analysis. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 39: 29-36, DOI:

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