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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 39.2 (2016) Pages: 185-193

Éxito reproductivo de los pájaros bobos patas azul, Sula nebouxii, y los pájaros bobos café, Sula leucogaster, como indicador de perturbación por uso turístico en las Islas Marietas, México

Cornejo-Ortega, J. L., Chávez-Dagostino, R. M., Cupul-Magaña, F. G.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2016.39.0185

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Abstract

Breeding success of the blue–footed booby, Sula nebouxii, and the brown booby, Sula leucogaster, as an indicator of touristic disturbance in the Islas Marietas, Mexico
We studied the breeding success of two seabird species, the blue–footed booby, Sula nebouxii, and the brown booby, Sula leucogaster, in relation to touristic disturbance in order to focus conservation management strategies in the protected area of the Marietas Islands in Bahía de Banderas, Mexico. Data were collected throughout the breeding season of 2013 at Isla Larga. We considered three sites under different conditions of simulated disturbance within the colonies: ‘medium’, visits constrained to a single path; ‘high’, visits without spatial restrictions, and ‘low’, no visits. The total numbers of nests, eggs and chicks for each species were recorded weekly at the three sites. On the basis of these data, we determined the viability of eggs (hatching success) and chicks. A generalized linear mixed model (GLIMMIX) showed that breeding success (eggs–to–fledglings rate) had no relationship to the conditions of the area and but was significantly lower in the blue–footed booby. The presence of tourists, as measured in this study, was not the cause of nesting failure. Other, non–evaluated factors likely play a role in limiting the breeding success of the two species of booby studied here.

Keywords

Fertility, Hatching, Booby birds, Nests

Cite

Cornejo-Ortega, J. L., Chávez-Dagostino, R. M., Cupul-Magaña, F. G., 2016. Éxito reproductivo de los pájaros bobos patas azul, Sula nebouxii, y los pájaros bobos café, Sula leucogaster, como indicador de perturbación por uso turístico en las Islas Marietas, México. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 39: 185-193, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2016.39.0185

Reception date:

11/04/2014

Acceptation date:

08/04/2016

Publication date:

30/06/2016

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