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Animal Biodiversity and Conservation. Volume 42.2 (2019) Pages: 267-277

Differential distribution of resources for females on a dioecious plant affects the small–scale distribution of male of an oligolectic bee

Polidori, C., Federici, M.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2019.42.0267

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Abstract

Females of the solitary digger bee Andrena florea Fabricius, 1793 (Hymenoptera, Andrenidae) nest in aggregations and collect pollen almost exclusively on dioecious plants of the genus Bryonia, making this species a good model to study the relationship between nest density, male density, male behaviour and female lecty. At a study site in the valley of the river Serio, in Italy, an aggregation of this bee showed low density of randomly distributed nests and was closely surrounded by B. dioica plants. Female nectar foraging and male feeding and mate–searching activity, confined to the host plants, peaked at similar hours across the day, while female pollen foraging peaked earlier. Males fed on plants of both sexes but seemed to perch waiting for females more frequently on male B. dioica leaves. Individual males more often visited only one of the male plants, for up to four days; here they did not interact aggressively with conspecifics, suggesting scramble competition in resource–based home ranges and not territoriality. These findings are preliminarily in accordance with the predicted resource–based rendez–vous sites at low nest density for oligolectic bees and the predicted occurrence of scramble competition in case of high male density. Additionally, males would maximize their mating opportunity by mainly perching on male plants, the only source of the most limited resource for females (pollen).

Keywords

Mating strategy, Digger bee, Dioecious plant, Bryonia, Andrena, Andrenidae

Cite

Polidori, C., Federici, M., 2019. Differential distribution of resources for females on a dioecious plant affects the small–scale distribution of male of an oligolectic bee. Animal Biodiversity and Conservation, 42: 267-277, DOI: https://doi.org/10.32800/abc.2019.42.0267

Reception date:

30/10/2018

Acceptation date:

04/03/2019

Publication date:

05/06/2019

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